Solar thermal systems convert sunlight into heat. "Flat-plate" solar thermal collectors produce heat at relatively low temperatures (80 to 140°F [27 to 60°C]), and are generally used to heat air or a liquid for space and water heating or drying agricultural products. Concentrating solar collectors produce higher temperatures. They are most often used where higher temperature heat is desirable, there are large thermal loads, and/or where there are limitations in the area available for installing solar collectors, since they provide more energy per unit of collector surface area. They can also be applied in the production or refining of chemicals and fuels or to produce mechanical or electrical energy.

Solar space heating system

Direct solar water system without heat exchanger

Solar water purification system



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